Bio Profile

Robert Dubrow, MD, PhD

Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health)

Research Interests

Brain Neoplasms; Climate Change; Epidemiology; Glioma; HIV Infections

Dr. Dubrow serves as Faculty Director of the Climate Change and Health Initiative. During the Fall 2016 Term, he is teaching CDE 547a, Climate Change and Public Health. In the Spring 2017 Term he will teach EPH 555a, Practicum in Climate Change, Sustainability, and Public Health. Dr. Dubrow is interested in health co-benefits of climate change mitigation and in occupational heat stress.

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Bio Profile

Martin Klein, MPH, PhD

Lecturer in Public Health (Health Policy)

Associate Dean for Development and External Affairs

Research Interests
Social Entrepreneurship; Health and Innovation

Dr. Martin Klein is Executive Director of the Climate Change and Health Initiative and Associate Dean for Development and External Affairs at the Yale School of Public Health. He is also responsible for the offices of development, alumni relations, and communications and is founder and director of InnovateHealth Yale, a program in social impact and entrepreneurship.

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Bio Profile

Serap Aksoy, PhD

Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Research Interests

Global Health; Trypanosomiasis, African; Tsetse Flies

Dr. Aksoy is interested in pursuing research at the interface of climate change and insect physiology. Incidence of vector-borne diseases has been increasing in temperate climates and feared to be influenced by climate change effects globally. Dr. Aksoy is interested in analyzing climate change impacts on key insect physiologies that affect population densities and disease transmission traits. Changes in reproductive physiology would modify insect population densities, an essential parameter...

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Bio Profile

Geoff Michael Attardo, PhD

Research Scientist in Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Research Interests

Epidemiology; Genetics; Global Health; Insect Vectors; Nutritional Sciences; Reproduction; Tsetse Flies; Viviparity, Nonmammalian

Dr. Attardo’s research focuses on the molecular biology and physiology of disease vectoring insects with a concentration on reproductive biology. Insect vectored diseases such as malaria, dengue, African sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis and most recently chikungunya and Zika virus infections have a tremendous impact on human health, with vector borne diseases accounting for over 17% of all infectious diseases worldwide. The current and predicted effects of climate change on the...

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Bio Profile

Michelle L. Bell, PhD

Mary E. Pinchot Professor of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Professor of Environmental Health

Research Interests

Environmental Health; Epidemiology

Dr. Bell researches how environmental conditions, especially air pollution and weather, impact public health. Her work bridges disciplines of epidemiology, atmospheric science, engineering, and biostatistics. The overall aim of this work is to perform policy-relevant research that contributes to well-informed decision-making and to greater public understanding of environmental health hazards. Work on climate change includes research on how a changing climate could affect health through...

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Bio Profile

William Ronald Boos

Associate Professor of Geology and Geophysics

Dr. Boos works to understand the physical processes that control the distribution of water over tropical and subtropical continents. His research group is actively studying the fundamental dynamics of monsoons, which deliver water to billions of highly vulnerable people in Asia, Africa, and the tropical Americas. He also works on the genesis of tropical cyclones and other topics in climate dynamics. His group’s work is leading to improved understanding of tropical rainfall variability on a...

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Bio Profile

Xi Chen, PhD

Assistant Professor of Public Health (Health Policy) and Assistant Professor in the Institution for Social and Policy Studies

Affiliated Faculty, Department of Economics

Research Interests

Aging; Air Pollution; Child; Climate Change; Cognition; Economics; Pensions; Social Behavior; Social Networking

Dr. Chen works on climate change and early childhood development. Specifically, he is evaluating the impact of extreme temperatures in the last few decades on birth outcomes in China, especially birth defects. He is also evaluating the impact of winter heating policy in China on fetal growth. His future research agenda includes studying the impact of climate change on cognitive functioning, mental health, and early life health capital trajectories.

Dr. Chen has been collaborating with...

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Bio Profile

Jamie Emory Childs, ScD

Senior Research Scientist in and Lecturer in Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Research Interests

Arenavirus; Bartonella; Borrelia; Global Health; Hantavirus; Leptospira; Lyme Disease; Rabies; Rickettsia; Zoonoses

Dr. Childs’ research focuses on zoonotic diseases, including hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), caused by a hantavirus maintained in the prairie deer mouse host, and leptospirosis, caused by leptospires maintained in the Norway rat host. Outbreaks of these diseases are driven by weather patterns and climate variation. The initial outbreak of HPS in the southwestern US followed an El Niño event that resulted in increased rainfall and an unusually warm winter. These conditions facilitated deer...

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Bio Profile

Miraj U. Desai, PhD

Associate Research Scientist in Psychiatry

RESEARCH INTERESTS
community mental health; qualitative and participatory research; global health; prejudice and discrimination; philosophy of science; and South Asian studies

Dr. Desai is interested in psychological and political perspectives on climate change. His main concern is understanding and addressing issues of climate justice, e.g., that those most affected by climate change (the global poor, islanders) are the ones least responsible for it. He has written on psychology and climate...

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Bio Profile

Nicole Cardello Deziel, PhD, MHS

Assistant Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health)

Dr. Deziel is leading a project related to exposure to shale gas development (“hydraulic fracturing”) and risk of childhood leukemia. Within the context of this project is an assessment of proximity to unconventional oil and gas development and drinking water contamination and an evaluation of spatial and temporal trends of unconventional oil and gas development. She is also working with Dr. Michelle Bell at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies to explore associations between...

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Bio Profile

Durland Fish, PhD

Professor Emeritus of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Research Interests

Babesia; Babesiosis; Biological Evolution; Borrelia; Chikungunya virus; Climate; Climate Change; Epidemiology; Evolution, Planetary; Global Health; Insect Vectors; Lyme Disease; Parasitology; Public Health; Ticks

Dr. Fish conducts research on the impact of climate change upon vector-borne diseases. His studies on changes in the geographic distribution and severity of Lyme disease due to global warming predict minimal geographic change in risk for the US, but a potential increase in disease severity for the endemic areas of the Midwestern states. The predicted case increase for Canada has already been observed. He is currently conducting a study on climate change impact upon mosquitoes and mosquito-borne...

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Bio Profile

Alison P Galvani, PhD

Burnett and Stender Families Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases) and Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Director of the Center for Infectious Disease Modeling and Analysis (CIDMA)

Research Interests

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Africa, Southern; Biological Evolution; Ecology; Economics; Epidemiologic Methods; Epidemiology; Evolution, Planetary; Global Health; HIV; Infectious Disease Medicine; Influenza, Human; Parasitology; Public Health; Tuberculosis

Dr. Galvani pursues research at the interface of disease modeling and climate change. She is interested in analyzing the cost-effectiveness of programs designed to tackle climate change with respect to their impact on health outcomes both locally and globally. Identifying how climate change, as well as greenhouse gas pollution, influence morbidity and mortality associated with mosquito borne illnesses such as dengue fever and malaria, bacterial diseases from contaminated water such as cholera,...

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Bio Profile

Debbie L Humphries, PhD, MPH

Clinical Instructor in Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Research Interests

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Developing Countries; Ghana; Global Health; HIV; Hookworm Infections; Malaria; Nutrition Policy; Parasitology; Public Health; Vietnam

Dr. Humphries’ research focuses on nutrition and infectious disease in low- and middle-income countries, as well as on healthy food access globally. She is interested in the ways climate change is affecting food access, and the impact of food systems on environmental change. She has collaborated on several studies in the Bolivian Andes that investigate use of traditional foods and pathways by which climate change is affecting household food production. In the context of climate change, she is...

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Bio Profile

Kaveh Khoshnood, PhD, MPH

Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Program Director- BA-BS/MPH Program in Public Health at Yale

Research Interests

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Diseases; Epidemiology; Ethics; Global Health; HIV; Human Rights; Infectious Disease Medicine; Public Health; Violence

Dr. Khoshnood is interested in the humanitarian response to violent conflicts and in the health of refugees and displaced populations, including “climate refugees” displaced by direct or indirect consequences of climate change. He is involved in ongoing projects among refugees and displaced populations in Lebanon and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Dr. Khoshnood teaches a course entitled "Responding to Violent Conflict: Epidemiological Methods & Public Health...

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Bio Profile

Albert Icksang Ko, MD

Department Chair and Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases) and of Medicine (Infectious Diseases)

Department Chair - Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases

Research Interests

Dengue; Epidemiology; Global Health; Infectious Disease Medicine; Leptospirosis; Meningitis, Bacterial; Urban Health

Dr. Ko, Chair of the Yale School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases and member of the CCHI Executive Committee, studies health problems that have emerged from rapid urbanization and social inequity. He is particularly interested in the role that climate and climate change plays, together with the urban ecology and social marginalization, in the emergence of infectious diseases in slum communities. He coordinates an NIH-supported research and training program on...

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Bio Profile

Anthony Leiserowitz

Senior Research Scientist in Forestry and Environmental Studies

Dr. Leiserowitz, director of the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, studies public risk perception and engagement with the issue of climate change. His research investigates the psychological, cultural, and political factors that influence public knowledge, attitudes, policy support, and behavior. Areas of interest include public perceptions of and responses to the health risks of climate change, as well as how the communication of health risks affects public engagement across...

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Bio Profile

Rafael Perez-Escamilla, PhD

Professor of Epidemiology (Chronic Diseases)

Director, Office of Public Health Practice

Director, Global Health Concentration

Research Interests

Brazil; Breast Feeding; Child Health Services; Community Health Workers; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Global Health; Healthcare Disparities; HIV; Mexico; Obesity; Rwanda

Dr. Pérez-Escamilla’s research focuses on maternal-child nutrition in low- and middle-income countries, as well as on measuring and assessing the causes and consequences of household food insecurity (HFI) globally. He served on both the 2010 and 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committees, and as a result he has developed a strong interest in the factors influencing the translation of scientific knowledge into evidence-informed public health policy guidelines. He is particularly interested...

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Bio Profile

Virginia Elizabeth Pitzer, ScD

Assistant Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

Research Interests

Ecology; Global Health; Immunization; Paratyphoid Fever; Rotavirus; Typhoid Fever

Dr. Pitzer’s research focuses on mathematical modeling of infectious diseases. Climate-related projects involve elucidating drivers of the seasonality and spatiotemporal patterning of environmentally transmitted pathogens, including: (1) the seasonal determinants of respiratory syncytial virus transmission; (2) the links between climate, water source, and historical patterns of typhoid fever mortality in the United States; and (3) the impact of variable rainfall on the transmission dynamics of...

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Bio Profile

Joseph S Shapiro

Assistant Professor of Economics and of Forestry And Environmental Studies

Dr. Shapiro studies adaptation to climate change and other environmental goods. His work has analyzed how the relationship between extreme heat and mortality in the U.S. evolved over the twentieth century, and the extent to which air conditioning, electricity, and other technological innovations have driven that evolution. His work also compares how weather-mortality relationships vary with a region's baseline climate, as a benchmark for potential long-term adaptation to climate change. More...

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Bio Profile

Jodi Sherman, MD

Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology

Environmental Compliance Officer

Affiliated Faculty, Climate Change and Health Initiative, School of Public Health

Research Interests

Carbon Footprint; Chemicals and Drugs; Conservation of Natural Resources; Drug Contamination; Ecosystem; Environment Design; Environment, Controlled; Environmental Medicine; Environmental Policy; Environmental Pollution; Equipment Reuse; Fresh Water; Greenhouse Effect; Health Care; Patient Harm; Public Health; Soil

Dr. Sherman’s area of expertise is the climate and health impacts of greenhouse gas emissions and unsustainable practices stemming from the health sector itself. She is working to bring attention to pollution prevention within health care as an issue of patient safety and quality care. Her past research explored the life cycle greenhouse gas impacts of anesthetic drugs and devices. She is currently funded by the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation to investigate the climate impacts of...

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