Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet)

 

Purpose

THE FOODBORNE DISEASES ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE NETWORK (FOODNET) is the foodborne disease component of CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP). FoodNet is a collaborative project among CDC, the 10 EIP sites, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FoodNet consists of active surveillance for foodborne diseases and related epidemiologic studies designed to help public health officials better understand the epidemiology of infections commonly transmitted through food in the United States . FoodNet provides a network for responding to new and emerging foodborne diseases of national importance, monitoring the burden of foodborne diseases, and identifying the sources of specific foodborne diseases.  

Goals & Objectives

  • Determine the burden of foodborne illness in the United States
  • Monitor trends in the burden of specific foodborne illness over time
  • Attribute the burden of foodborne illness to specific foods and settings
  • Disseminate information that can lead to improvements in public health practice and the development of interventions to reduce the burden of foodborne illness.

Activities

  • In Connecticut, FoodNet conducts statewide, active laboratory-based surveillance for bacterial and parasitic foodborne pathogens on every laboratory-diagnosed case of bacterial pathogens including Salmonella , Shigella , Campylobacter , Escherichia coli O157 and other non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), Listeria monocytogenes , Yersinia enterocolitica , and Vibrio and parasitic organisms including Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora infection. This information is transmitted electronically to CDC. In addition to collecting laboratory-diagnosed cases of foodborne pathogens, investigators at FoodNet sites conduct active surveillance for hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) (a serious complication of STEC infection). The result is a comprehensive and timely database of foodborne illness in a well-defined population.
  • Physician, Laboratory and Population Surveys
  • Case-control studies to identify risk factors for specific foodborne pathogens.

Recent Publications

1.

Epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of international travel-associated Campylobacter infections in the United States, 2005-2011.

Ricotta EE, Palmer A, Wymore K, Clogher P, Oosmanally N, Robinson T, Lathrop S, Karr J, Hatch J, Dunn J, Ryan P, Blythe D.

Am J Public Health. 2014 Jul;104 (7) :e108-14. Epub 2014 May 15. PMID: 24832415

2.

Multiple-Aetiology Enteric Infections Involving Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli - FoodNet, 2001-2010.

Luna-Gierke RE, Wymore K, Sadlowski J, Clogher P, Gierke RW, Tobin-D'Angelo M, Palmer A, Medus C, Nicholson C, McGuire S, Martin H, Garman K, Griffin PM, Mody RK.

Zoonoses Public Health. 2014 Feb 1; Epub 2014 Feb 1. PMID: 24484079

3.

Increased recognition of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections in the United States during 2000-2010: epidemiologic features and comparison with E. coli O157 infections.

Gould LH, Mody RK, Ong KL, Clogher P, Cronquist AB, Garman KN, Lathrop S, Medus C, Spina NL, Webb TH, White PL, Wymore K, Gierke RE, Mahon BE, Griffin PM.

Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2013 May;10 (5) :453-60. Epub 2013 Apr 6. PMID: 23560425

4.

Infections in pediatric postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome: factors associated with identifying shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.

Mody RK, Luna-Gierke RE, Jones TF, Comstock N, Hurd S, Scheftel J, Lathrop S, Smith G, Palmer A, Strockbine N, Talkington D, Mahon BE, Hoekstra RM, Griffin PM.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Oct;166 (10) :902-9. PMID: 22869280

5.

Estimates of enteric illness attributable to contact with animals and their environments in the United States.

Hale CR, Scallan E, Cronquist AB, Dunn J, Smith K, Robinson T, Lathrop S, Tobin-D'Angelo M, Clogher P.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54 Suppl 5 :S472-9. PMID: 22572672

6.

Assessment of physician knowledge and practices concerning Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection and enteric illness, 2009, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet).

Clogher P, Hurd S, Hoefer D, Hadler JL, Pasutti L, Cosgrove S, Segler S, Tobin-D'Angelo M, Nicholson C, Booth H, Garman K, Mody RK, Gould LH.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54 Suppl 5 :S446-52. PMID: 22572668

7.

Clinical laboratory practices for the isolation and identification of Campylobacter in Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) sites: baseline information for understanding changes in surveillance data.

Hurd S, Patrick M, Hatch J, Clogher P, Wymore K, Cronquist AB, Segler S, Robinson T, Hanna S, Smith G, Fitzgerald C.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54 Suppl 5 :S440-5. PMID: 22572667

8.

Impacts of culture-independent diagnostic practices on public health surveillance for bacterial enteric pathogens.

Cronquist AB, Mody RK, Atkinson R, Besser J, Tobin D'Angelo M, Hurd S, Robinson T, Nicholson C, Mahon BE.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54 Suppl 5 :S432-9. PMID: 22572666

9.

Strategies for surveillance of pediatric hemolytic uremic syndrome: Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), 2000-2007.

Ong KL, Apostal M, Comstock N, Hurd S, Webb TH, Mickelson S, Scheftel J, Smith G, Shiferaw B, Boothe E, Gould LH.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54 Suppl 5 :S424-31. PMID: 22572665

10.

Validating deaths reported in the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet): are all deaths being captured?

Manikonda K, Palmer A, Wymore K, McMillian M, Nicholson C, Hurd S, Hoefer D, Tobin-D'Angelo M, Cosgrove S, Lyons C, Lathrop S, Hedican E, Patrick M.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54 Suppl 5 :S421-3. PMID: 22572664

Related Links

Government:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – FoodNet: www.cdc.gov/foodnet
National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS): www.cdc.gov/narms
PulseNet: www.cdc.gov/pulsenet
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): www.cdc.gov/mmwr
Connecticut Department of Public Health: www.dph.state.ct.us/
Gateway to Government Food Safety Information: http://www.foodsafety.gov
Food and Drug Administration: http://www.fda.gov
US Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service: http://www.fsis.usda.gov
FSIS Recall Information Center: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Fsis_Recalls/index.asp
The Bad Bug Book: http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/CausesOfIllnessBadBugBook/

Non-Government
Penn State Food Safety http://foodsafety.cas.psu.edu/game.htm
North Carolina State University: www.foodsafetysite.com/
Iowa State University: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/foodsafety/
American Dietetic Association and ConAgra Foods: http://www.homefoodsafety.org/

Project Contact Person

Sharon Hurd, MPH
Project Coordinator, CT FoodNet
Connecticut Emerging Infections Program
One Church Street, 7th floor
New Haven, CT 06510
sharon.hurd@yale.edu
(203) 764-4362