Step 4. Widespread Behavioral & Environmental Change & Risk

To date CARE has submitted 19 scientific papers on obesity and chronic disease risk from baseline data.

Complex multi-level data analyses of the 2009-2012 changes among adults were reported in 2013:

  • 39% reported improved health compared to one year ago
  • 42% report people are encouraging a healthy lifestyle in their neighborhood
  • 63% are exercising more
  • 53% made healthy changes to their diet

Changes in student behaviors and environments from 2009-2012 now underway. 

Preliminary school results indicate:

  • Healthier students were 2.2 times more likely to achieve academic goals
  • School and neighborhood conditions, higher academic standards, and parental engagement all influence students’ health and achievement
  • Opportunities for social support and social cohesion may increase with age, with students reporting that they know more children and adults in their neighborhoods.
  • Number of fast food meals per week has decreased
  • More students meet fruit and vegetable intake recommendations (5 servings/day), but fewer meet physical activity recommendations (60 min/day)
2009 Secondary Data Analysis

In 2009, CARE conducted baseline data collection as part of a larger obesity and chronic disease prevention initiative, including built environment asset mapping and health surveys of children and adults in New Haven, Connecticut. In April 2012, we began a secondary data analysis project funded by The Aetna Foundation. This secondary analysis used the 2009 data merged with data from the US Census Bureau, the New Haven Police Department and Parks and Recreation, and other sources to conduct analyses of environmental effects on healthy weight and behaviors such as diet and exercise. Below are links to brief reports discussing the findings for this project:

  1. Our Neighborhood, Our Health
  2. Adult Smoking and Neighborhood Collective Efficacy
  3. School Environment and Health 
  4. Neighborhoods, Schools and Body Weight