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Affiliated Faculty

YCCCH's affiliated faculty are committed to collaboration on a wide range of topics for interdisciplinary research including food and water insecurity, infectious diseases, population displacement, climate disasters (preparedness, post-disaster response, morbidity and mortality surveillance), health co-benefits of climate change mitigation and adaptation, climate change and pandemics, climate change impacts on microbial diversity and antibiotic resistance, and climate justice.
  • Robert Dubrow

    Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health Sciences); Faculty Director, Yale Center on Climate Change and Health, Environmental Health Sciences

    Research Interests
    • Brain Neoplasms
    • Epidemiology
    • Glioma
    • HIV Infections
    • Climate Change
    • Global Warming

    Dr. Robert Dubrow is Faculty Director of The Yale Center on Climate Change and Health (CCCH) and Professor of Epidemiology in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at Yale School of Public Health. He teaches the course EPH 555a/b, Practicum in Environmental/Climate Justice, Sustainability, and Public Health, which is offered in both the fall and spring terms. He also teaches the climate change module in the MPH core course, EPH 513b, Major Health Threats: Determinants and Solutions. Dr. Dubrow’s research interests include the relationship between exposure to high temperatures and kidney disease, and the benefits and harms of air conditioning for adaptation to extreme heat. 

  • Martin Klein

    Senior Advisor (Dean's Office) and Lecturer in Public Health (Health Policy); Executive Director, Yale Center on Climate Change and Health, Yale School of Public Health; Director, Executive MPH, Yale School of Public Health

    Dr. Martin Klein is Executive Director of the Yale Center on Climate Change and Health (CCCH) and Senior Advisor to the Dean at the Yale School of Public Health. He also founded InnovateHealth Yale, a program in social impact and entrepreneurship.

  • Laura Bozzi

    Director of Programs

    Dr. Laura Bozzi is Director of Programs for the Yale Center on Climate Change and Health (CCCH) where she plays a key role in broadening its online education offerings, expanding communications and community-based engagement, and developing new programs including an environmental/climate health justice clinic and a report on climate change and health in Connecticut.

    Previously, Dr. Bozzi led the Rhode Island Department of Health Climate Change Program. In that role, she worked to promote policy change, increase public awareness, and support community resilience building strategies that collectively help both mitigate climate change’s negative health impacts and promote health equity. Laura was appointed as a member to the State of Rhode Island's Executive Climate Change Coordinating Council (EC4) Advisory Board and the Agricultural Lands Preservation Commission, and she also served as Co-Director of the New Leaders Council Rhode Island. Over her career, she has worked across the United States -- from Oregon and West Virginia to Washington, DC and Rhode Island – in environmental protection, food systems, and fisheries. Laura holds a Ph.D. in Forestry and Environmental Studies from Yale University.  

  • Kai Chen

    Assistant Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health)

    Dr. Chen's research focuses on the intersection of climate change, air pollution, and human health. He researches how extreme temperature and ambient air pollution independently and interactively impact on aging populations under a changing climate. His work involves applying multidisciplinary approaches in climate and air pollution sciences, exposure assessment, and environmental epidemiology to investigate how climate change may impact human health. His recent and ongoing work includes heat-induced myocardial infarction and mortality risk under and beyond the Paris Agreement goals (1.5 °C and 2 °C), interactions between heat and ambient particle and ozone pollution, and the health impacts of air pollution under different climate and population scenarios.

  • Jodi Sherman

    Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and of Epidemiology (Environmental Health Sciences); Director of Sustainability, Anesthesiology; Affiliated Faculty, Climate Change and Health

    Research Interests
    • Conservation of Natural Resources
    • Drug Contamination
    • Environment Design
    • Environment, Controlled
    • Environmental Pollution
    • Fresh Water
    • Public Health
    • Soil
    • Equipment Reuse
    • Greenhouse Effect
    • Ecosystem
    • Environmental Medicine
    • Carbon Footprint
    • Environmental Policy
    • Patient Harm
    • Chemicals and Drugs
    • Health Care

    Dr. Sherman’s area of expertise is in the pollution and human health impacts of unsustainable practices stemming from the health sector itself. She is working to bring attention to pollution prevention within health care as an issue of patient safety and quality care. Her research explores the life cycle environmental impacts and total cost of ownership of drugs, devices, and professional services, so that when choices exist, clinicians and health care administrators will factor public health and safety into practice decisions. Dr. Sherman’s future work will focus on systems-level metrics and policy solutions (e.g., pay for performance measures for carbon reduction in clinical practice).

  • Serap Aksoy

    Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases); Acting Chair, Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases

    Research Interests
    • Trypanosomiasis, African
    • Tsetse Flies
    • Global Health

    Dr. Aksoy is interested in pursuing research at the interface of climate change and insect physiology. Incidence of vector-borne diseases has been increasing in temperate climates and feared to be influenced by climate change effects globally. Dr. Aksoy is interested in analyzing climate change impacts on key insect physiologies that affect population densities and disease transmission traits. Changes in reproductive physiology would modify insect population densities, an essential parameter for vector-borne diseases. Changes in insect immune responses would increase the survival and transmission of pathogens adversely impacting disease control efforts. Dr. Aksoy leads several large NIH-supported research and training programs on control of African trypanosomiasis in sub-Sahara.

  • Paul Anastas

    Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health Sciences) and Teresa and H. John Heinz III Professor in the Practice of Chemistry for the Environment

    Paul Anastas is the Director of the Center for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering at Yale. His research and the research of the Center directly address climate change issues in several ways. Energy storage is one of the great challenges for renewable energy such as wind and solar. Professor Anastas’ research has developed new catalysts that can use renewable energy to split water (both fresh and seawater) in order to generate hydrogen that can be stored and used later. In addition, his research looks at ways of utilizing carbon dioxide in value added ways such as making small molecules. The center also has an integrated bio-refinery effort that seeks to develop new creators and separations to ensure the isolation of high value-small volume molecule to drive positive economics.

  • Theodore Andreadis

    Clinical Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

    Director, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) and Head of the CAES Center for Vector Biology & Zoonotic Diseases

    Dr. Andreadis serves as a Principal Investigator in the Northeast Regional Center of Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. His current research focuses on the ecology of mosquitoes, invasion biology of exotic mosquitoes, epidemiology of mosquito-borne diseases with a focus in the northeastern US, and the impact of climate change on mosquitoes, ticks, and associated vector-borne diseases.  He serves as a Clinical Professor in YSPH and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Connecticut’s Department of Pathobiology.

  • Carl Baum

    Professor of Pediatrics (Emergency Medicine) and of Emergency Medicine

    Dr. Carl Baum serves on the National Biodefense Science Board of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, and as Medical Director of the federally funded Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit (PEHSU) Program. He is also a member of the Council on Children and Disasters of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and is a co-author of the AAP’s Policy Statement on Global Climate Change and Children’s Health.

  • Michelle L. Bell

    Mary E. Pinchot Professor at the School of the Environment and Professor of Environmental Health

    Research Interests
    • Environmental Health
    • Epidemiology

    Dr. Bell researches how environmental conditions, especially air pollution and weather, impact public health. Her work bridges disciplines of epidemiology, atmospheric science, engineering, and biostatistics. The overall aim of this work is to perform policy-relevant research that contributes to well-informed decision-making and to greater public understanding of environmental health hazards. Work on climate change includes research on how a changing climate could affect health through tropospheric ozone, weather including heat waves, and forest fires. Ongoing and recent projects include work in the U.S., China, Australia, South Korea, England, Chile, Mexico, Brazil, India, Nepal, the Caribbean, and Taiwan. Additional information is available at: http://bell-lab.yale.edu/

  • Xi Chen

    Associate Professor of Public Health (Health Policy) and Associate Professor at Institution for Social and Policy Studies; Affiliated Faculty, Department of Economics

    Research Interests
    • Aging
    • Air Pollution
    • Child
    • Cognition
    • Economics
    • Pensions
    • Social Behavior
    • Climate Change
    • Social Networking

    Dr. Chen works on climate change and early childhood development. Specifically, he is evaluating the impact of extreme temperatures in the last few decades on birth outcomes in China, especially birth defects. He is also evaluating the impact of winter heating policy in China on fetal growth. His future research agenda includes studying the impact of climate change on cognitive functioning, mental health, and early life health capital trajectories.

    Dr. Chen has been collaborating with researchers from Peking University to better understand the long lasting impact of air pollution on happiness, mental health, cognitive functioning, productivity, and the economy.

  • Jamie Childs

    Lecturer in Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

    Research Interests
    • Bartonella
    • Borrelia
    • Hantavirus
    • Leptospira
    • Lyme Disease
    • Rabies
    • Rickettsia
    • Global Health
    • Zoonoses
    • Arenavirus

    Dr. Childs’ research focuses on zoonotic diseases, including hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), caused by a hantavirus maintained in the prairie deer mouse host, and leptospirosis, caused by leptospires maintained in the Norway rat host. Outbreaks of these diseases are driven by weather patterns and climate variation. The initial outbreak of HPS in the southwestern US followed an El Niño event that resulted in increased rainfall and an unusually warm winter. These conditions facilitated deer mouse survival and earlier vegetation growth, producing an exceptionally large mouse population. The increased potential for human-rodent contact drove the epidemic and subsequent studies demonstrated the predictive value of weather conditions for estimating the magnitude and geographic range of HPS outbreaks. Leptospires are shed in rat urine. Predictable outbreaks in tropical urban slums, such as in Salvador, Brazil, occur each year during the rainy season when people are exposed to contaminated water and mud. Additionally, severe weather events causing flooding are linked to epidemics of leptospirosis in tropical locations. Climate change, potentially resulting in increased frequency of severe weather events, will lead to marked changes, in currently unpredictable ways, in the epidemiology of these zoonotic diseases.

  • Miraj U. Desai

    Instructor

    RESEARCH INTERESTS
    community mental health; qualitative and participatory research; global health; prejudice and discrimination; philosophy of science; and South Asian studies

    Dr. Desai is interested in psychological and political perspectives on climate change. His main concern is understanding and addressing issues of climate justice, e.g., that those most affected by climate change (the global poor, islanders) are the ones least responsible for it. He has written on psychology and climate justice for the Huffington Post and was a participant at the first-ever Yale Environmental Sustainability Summit. He recently received the Certificate of Outstanding Recognition from the Yale Office of Sustainability and served as Co-Chair of the Inclusion and Justice Subcommittee, Yale Sustainability Implementation Steering Committee.

  • Nicole Deziel

    Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health) and Associate Professor of Environment

    Dr. Deziel is leading a project related to exposure to shale gas development (“hydraulic fracturing”) and risk of childhood health outcomes. Within the context of this project is an assessment of proximity to unconventional oil and gas development and drinking water contamination and an evaluation of spatial and temporal trends of unconventional oil and gas development. She is also working with Dr. Michelle Bell at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies to explore associations between exposure to PM2.5 and O3 and risk of respiratory and cardiovascular hospitalizations and how these associations may be impacted by a changing climate.

  • Marianne Engelman-Lado

    Lecturer

    Director, the Environmental Justice Clinic, Vermont Law School

    Ms. Engelman-Lado focuses on civil rights enforcement in the environmental justice context. She previously served as senior staff attorney at Earthjustice, focused on civil rights enforcement, toxics, waste, the health impacts of industrial agriculture, and the effects of environmental contamination on vulnerable and overburdened populations.  She served as General Counsel at New York Lawyers for the Public Interest, a non-profit civil rights law firm, and a staff attorney at the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. She is a lecturer at YSPH and FES.

  • Durland Fish

    Professor Emeritus of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

    Research Interests
    • Babesia
    • Babesiosis
    • Borrelia
    • Chikungunya virus
    • Climate
    • Epidemiology
    • Biological Evolution
    • Insect Vectors
    • Lyme Disease
    • Parasitology
    • Public Health
    • Ticks
    • Global Health
    • Evolution, Planetary
    • Climate Change

    Dr. Fish conducts research on the impact of climate change upon vector-borne diseases. His studies on changes in the geographic distribution and severity of Lyme disease due to global warming predict minimal geographic change in risk for the US, but a potential increase in disease severity for the endemic areas of the Midwestern states. The predicted case increase for Canada has already been observed. He is currently conducting a study on climate change impact upon mosquitoes and mosquito-borne viruses in the Florida Everglades in collaboration with the U.S. National Park Service. Due to its “tropical island” nature, extreme South Florida already has several endemic tropical mosquito species and arboviruses, and more are anticipated as the region warms and becomes more tropical. Dr. Fish serves on the Steering Committee of the Yale Climate and Energy Institute and served on the National Research Council Panel Review of the 2014 National Climate Assessment.

  • Alison Galvani

    Burnett and Stender Families Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases); Director of the Center for Infectious Disease Modeling and Analysis (CIDMA)

    Research Interests
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Africa, Southern
    • Ecology
    • Economics
    • Epidemiologic Methods
    • Epidemiology
    • Biological Evolution
    • HIV
    • Influenza, Human
    • Parasitology
    • Public Health
    • Tuberculosis
    • Global Health
    • Evolution, Planetary
    • Infectious Disease Medicine

    Dr. Galvani pursues research at the interface of disease modeling and climate change. She is interested in analyzing the cost-effectiveness of programs designed to tackle climate change with respect to their impact on health outcomes both locally and globally. Identifying how climate change, as well as greenhouse gas pollution, influence morbidity and mortality associated with mosquito borne illnesses such as dengue fever and malaria, bacterial diseases from contaminated water such as cholera, and respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is fundamental to global health.

  • Debbie Humphries

    Instructor of Public Health Practice (Chronic Diseases)

    Research Interests
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Developing Countries
    • Ghana
    • HIV
    • Hookworm Infections
    • Malaria
    • Parasitology
    • Public Health
    • Vietnam
    • Global Health
    • Nutrition Policy

    Dr. Humphries’ research focuses on nutrition and infectious disease in low- and middle-income countries, as well as on healthy food access globally. She is interested in the ways climate change is affecting food access, and the impact of food systems on environmental change. She has collaborated on several studies in the Bolivian Andes that investigate use of traditional foods and pathways by which climate change is affecting household food production. In the context of climate change, she is particularly interested in studying the relationship between resilient food systems and indicators of environmental impact of those systems, both in the United States and globally.

  • Kaveh Khoshnood

    Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases); Faculty Director, InnovateHealth Yale; Program Co-Director, Global Health Ethics Program, Yale Institute for Global Health; Program Director- BA-BS/MPH Program in Public Health at Yale

    Research Interests
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Epidemiology
    • Ethics
    • HIV
    • Human Rights
    • Public Health
    • Violence
    • Global Health
    • Infectious Disease Medicine

    Dr. Khoshnood is interested in the humanitarian response to violent conflicts and in the health of refugees and displaced populations, including “climate refugees” displaced by direct or indirect consequences of climate change. He is involved in ongoing projects among refugees and displaced populations in Lebanon and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Dr. Khoshnood teaches a course entitled "Responding to Violent Conflict: Epidemiological Methods & Public Health Interventions,” which examines drivers of conflict, including climate change, and discusses how epidemiological methods are applied to understand specific health consequences of violent conflicts, including infectious diseases, mental health, maternal/child health, and chronic health problems.

  • Albert Ko

    Department Chair and Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases) and of Medicine (Infectious Diseases); Department Chair, Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases

    Research Interests
    • Dengue
    • Epidemiology
    • Leptospirosis
    • Urban Health
    • Global Health
    • Meningitis, Bacterial
    • Infectious Disease Medicine

    Dr. Ko, Chair of the Yale School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases and member of the CCHI Executive Committee, studies health problems that have emerged from rapid urbanization and social inequity. He is particularly interested in the role that climate and climate change plays, together with the urban ecology and social marginalization, in the emergence of infectious diseases in slum communities. He coordinates an NIH-supported research and training program on urban slum health in Brazil, where his group is conducting long-term prospective cohort studies on infectious diseases that include rat-borne leptospirosis, dengue, meningitis and respiratory infections. More recently, Dr. Ko has expanded his research to address the impacts of climate and climate change on the transmission dynamics of neglected tropical diseases, such as leishmaniasis, in impoverished rural subsistence farming populations and on the risk for drought and disaster-related epidemics in the South Pacific. Dr. Ko is the Principal Investigator at Yale for the Fogarty Global Health Equity Scholars Program which provides research training opportunities, including those related to climate and health, for post- and pre-doctoral fellows at collaborating international sites.

  • Ann Kurth

    Dean, School of Nursing, Linda Koch Lorimer Professor of Nursing and Professor of Epidemiology

    Dr. Kurth, Dean and Linda Koch Lorimer Professor, Yale University School of Nursing, is an elected Fellow of the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) and a member of the NAM Board on Global Health.  She is chair of the Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH). Her research focuses on HIV/reproductive health and global health system strengthening. She is an international advocate for the role of nurses and midwives, among other health providers, in planetary health – the multidisciplinary science of how human health is connected to the health of the planet. She is using her leadership as 2018-2020 chair of CUGH to promote mutually beneficial, long-term partnerships between universities in resource-rich and resource-poor countries, developing human capital and strengthening institutions' capabilities to address these key challenges of the 21st century. She writes and lectures on planetary health issues, and is a contributor to planetary health curriculum development including through the Planetary Health Alliance, as well as the Global Consortium on Climate and Health Education. At Yale she is co-chair of the university’s Sustainability Committee.

  • Sara Shallenberger Brown Professor at the School of the Environment

    One of Dr. Lee’s research areas focuses on mitigation of and adaptation to climate warming in the urban environment. He is establishing a large database on urban heat islands for global cities to support climate adaptation efforts. The database will include satellite-derived data layers, city morphological attributes, and data from urban weather station networks. He is working with collaborators to collect street-level temperature and humidity data, using bicycle-mounted smart thermometers, in cities in different climate zones around the world. So far, urban warming studies have been restricted almost exclusively to temperature, but humidity also affects human comfort in heatwave events. He wants to quantify the combined contribution of temperature and humidity to heat stress on urban residents.

  • Anthony Leiserowitz

    Senior Research Scientist at the School of the Environment

    Dr. Leiserowitz, director of the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, studies public risk perception and engagement with the issue of climate change. His research investigates the psychological, cultural, and political factors that influence public knowledge, attitudes, policy support, and behavior. Areas of interest include public perceptions of and responses to the health risks of climate change, as well as how the communication of health risks affects public engagement across different audiences. He conducts research at the global, national, and local scales, including studies in the United States, China, and India.

  • Sarah Lowe

    Assistant Professor of Public Health (Social & Behavioral Sciences)

    Research Interests
    • Anxiety Disorders
    • Mental Disorders
    • Disasters
    • Genetics, Behavioral
    • Mental Health Services
    • Psychological Phenomena
    • Psychology, Clinical
    • Rwanda
    • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
    • Mood Disorders
    • Substance-Related Disorders
    • Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute
    • Resilience, Psychological
    • Disaster Victims
    • Psychiatry and Psychology
    • Psychological Trauma
    • Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
    • Exposure to Violence
    • Gender-Based Violence

    Dr. Lowe’s research focuses on mental health after traumatic events, including climate change-related disasters. She is interested in the long-term mental health consequences of such events, the pathways leading from exposure to adversity, and the independent and interactive influence of factors at multiple ecological levels on outcomes. She is further interested in the interplay between mental health and other domains of functioning, including social relationships, physical health, and educational and occupational trajectories, particularly among those who have been displaced from their pre-disaster communities. The goal of her research is to provide insights for efforts to more efficiently prevent and mitigate the mental health consequences of climate change-related disasters.

  • Marcella Nunez-Smith

    Associate Professor of Medicine (General Medicine) and of Epidemiology (Chronic Diseases); Yale Faculty Representative (elected), Council of Faculty and Academic Societies (CFAS); Co-Chair, Steering Committee on Community Projects; Medical Student Academic Advisor, Yale School of Medicine; Director, Center for Community Engagement and Health Equity; Founding Director, Equity Research and Innovation Center (ERIC), Yale School of Medicine; Director, Center for Research Engagement (CRE); Deputy Director for Health Equity Research and Workforce Development, Yale Center for Clinical Investigation (YCCI); Director, Pozen-Commonwealth Fund Fellowship in Health Equity Leadership

    Research Interests
    • Chronic Disease
    • Health Services Research
    • Internal Medicine
    • Social Justice
    • Socioeconomic Factors
    • Global Health
    • Women's Health
    • Caribbean Region
    • Healthcare Disparities
    • Community-Based Participatory Research
    • Social Discrimination
    • Social Determinants of Health
    • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
    • Global Burden of Disease

    Dr. Nunez-Smith, Director of the Yale Equity Research Innovation Center, focuses her research on advancing the health equity agenda in the US and world-wide. In New Haven she addresses how environmental conditions impact the health of underserved and minority children and adults. As lead principal investigator of two NIH funded grants in the Caribbean, The Yale-TCC and the Pediatric Eastern Caribbean Health Outcomes Research Network (ECHORN) Cohort Study, she works directly with stakeholders in the Eastern Caribbean to address climate change resiliency. ECHORN has the largest adult cohort study in the region spanning the hurricanes of 2017, allowing examination of health effects of the hurricanes and factors associated with resiliency. She is also co-principal investigator on a pilot project funded by the Yale MacMillan Center to work with the Pan American Health Organization to address the morbidity and mortality due to chronic disease after natural disasters.

  • Rafael Perez-Escamilla

    Professor of Public Health (Social and Behavioral Sciences); Director, Office of Public Health Practice; Director, Global Health Concentration

    Research Interests
    • Breast Feeding
    • Child Care
    • Child Development
    • Community Health Workers
    • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
    • Food Deprivation
    • Maternal-Child Health Centers
    • Nutrition Surveys
    • Obesity
    • Global Health
    • Healthcare Disparities

    Dr. Pérez-Escamilla’s research focuses on maternal-child nutrition in low- and middle-income countries, as well as on measuring and assessing the causes and consequences of household food insecurity (HFI) globally. He served on both the 2010 and 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committees, and as a result he has developed a strong interest in the factors influencing the translation of scientific knowledge into evidence-informed public health policy guidelines. He is particularly interested in four lines of inquiry related to climate change: a) factors that influence the incorporation of environmental sustainability into national dietary guidelines policies; b) impact of HFI on unsustainable environmental practices; c) impact of climate change on HFI; and d) environmental impacts of infant formula in comparison with breastfeeding.

  • Virginia Pitzer

    Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

    Research Interests
    • Ecology
    • Immunization
    • Paratyphoid Fever
    • Rotavirus
    • Typhoid Fever
    • Global Health

    Dr. Pitzer’s research focuses on mathematical modeling of infectious diseases. Climate-related projects involve elucidating drivers of the seasonality and spatiotemporal patterning of environmentally transmitted pathogens, including: (1) the seasonal determinants of respiratory syncytial virus transmission; (2) the links between climate, water source, and historical patterns of typhoid fever mortality in the United States; and (3) the impact of variable rainfall on the transmission dynamics of water-borne pathogens (cholera, typhoid fever, rotavirus) in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Jeffrey Townsend

    Elihu Professor of Biostatistics and Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

    Research Interests
    • Algorithms
    • Bacteria
    • Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
    • Beer
    • Bread
    • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
    • Coccidioidomycosis
    • Computing Methodologies
    • Biological Evolution
    • Fungi
    • Genetic Engineering
    • Microbiological Phenomena
    • Models, Genetic
    • Models, Theoretical
    • Mycoses
    • Neoplasm Metastasis
    • Neoplasms
    • Phylogeny
    • Viruses
    • Wine
    • Models, Statistical
    • Likelihood Functions
    • Logistic Models
    • Polymerase Chain Reaction
    • Sequence Analysis, DNA
    • Nonlinear Dynamics
    • Molecular Epidemiology
    • Gene Transfer Techniques
    • Crops, Agricultural
    • Evolution, Molecular
    • Nature
    • Sequence Analysis, Protein
    • Gene Expression Profiling
    • Public Health Informatics
    • Microarray Analysis
    • Genetic Speciation
    • Host-Pathogen Interactions
    • Genetic Phenomena
    • Mathematical Concepts
    • Organisms
    • Phenomena and Processes

    Dr. Townsend’s interests include evaluation of the effects of climate change on infectious disease distribution, transmission, and evolution. In particular, he is interested in the performance of uncertainty analysis to assess the potential future effects of global anthropogenic change on vector distributions, infectious disease transmission and spread. He is currently performing research on historical and current-day climate-driven changes in disease burden due to changes in temperature and humidity, and microbial pathogen spread (and the spread of antibiotic resistance) associated with microbe-laden urban storm overflows.

  • Paul Turner

    Rachel Carson Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

    Dr. Turner conducts research on effects of temperature on phenotypic performance of RNA virus pathogens, such as dengue virus. While it appears that global warming is contributing to geographic range expansion of disease vectors, such as mosquitoes, less is known about whether RNA virus pathogens are generally capable of expanding their ranges alongside vectors. It is possible, for example, that only certain virus genotypes within the pathogen population are predisposed to spread, or are capable of mutations fostering spread at the leading edge of range expansion. To examine these ideas, Dr. Turner studies the thermotolerance (phenotypic performance across challenge temperatures) of RNA virus genotypes sampled from natural pathogen populations. In addition, he examines the adaptive potential of different RNA virus genotypes when challenged to evolve in tissue culture environments under elevated temperatures, as well as the ability for these viruses to replicate within live mosquitoes that are cultured at differing temperatures. Similar experiments concern other aspects of some climate change models, which predict that environmental temperatures will become increasingly stochastic in the future. Here, Dr. Turner is testing whether RNA viruses can adapt to withstand stochastic ambient temperatures, and whether their growth within live mosquito vectors is compromised by erratic temperature fluctuations. Dr. Turner’s research is highly interdisciplinary, harnessing approaches such as laboratory experimental evolution, molecular genetic and genomics analyses of wild and lab-cultured viruses, interactions between viruses and live mosquitoes, and computational approaches to studying evolution.

  • Vasilis Vasiliou

    Department Chair and Susan Dwight Bliss Professor of Epidemiology (Environmental Health Sciences) and of Ophthalmology and Visual Science and of Environment

    Research Interests
    • Alcoholism
    • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
    • Diabetes Mellitus
    • Environmental Health
    • Glutathione
    • Gout
    • Ophthalmology
    • Genomics

    Dr. Vasilis Vasiliou is a member of the Executive Committee of the Yale Center on Climate Change and Health (CCCH), Professor of Epidemiology, and Chair of the Environmental Health Sciences Department at the Yale School of Public Health. His research interests include mechanisms of cellular responses to environmental stress, gene-environment interactions, alcohol toxicity, pharmacogenetics and the evolution of gene families.

  • Zheng Wang

    Research Scientist in Biostatistics (Biostatistics)

    Research Interests
    • Fungi
    • Information Science
    • Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

    Dr. Wang, a fungal biologist, is interested in understanding how fungi respond to environmental stimuli and how these responses evolved. Fungi exhibit huge global diversity and include many severe human pathogens. Dr. Wang’s interests include studying genetics and functional genomics of fungal growth and pathogenicity and investigating how environmental changes (including climate change), as well as human activities, would affect fungal growth and distribution. Currently he is studying dynamics of microbial communities in water ecosystems in heavily populated urban areas.

  • Joshua Warren

    Associate Professor of Biostatistics (Biostatistics)

    Research Interests
    • Algorithms
    • Eye Diseases
    • Disorders of Environmental Origin
    • Pregnancy Complications
    • Probability
    • Statistics as Topic
    • Stochastic Processes
    • Virus Diseases
    • Statistical Distributions

    Dr. Warren researches environmental exposures and their impact on human health, with a focus on developing spatial and spatiotemporal statistical methods to improve the understanding of underlying associations between disease and exposure. His current work seeks to improve the identification of susceptible periods during pregnancy where increased exposure to ambient air pollution more adversely impacts the developing fetus. Dr. Warren has interest in understanding how air pollution levels may be impacted by climate change across space and time, and what effect this will have on human health.

  • Daniel Weinberger

    Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases)

    Research Interests
    • Americas
    • Bacterial Infections
    • Biology
    • Carrier State
    • Communicable Disease Control
    • Denmark
    • Epidemiologic Methods
    • Europe
    • Fourier Analysis
    • Iceland
    • Influenza, Human
    • Netherlands
    • Population Characteristics
    • Public Health
    • Respiratory Tract Infections
    • Streptococcus pneumoniae
    • Diseases

    Dr. Weinberger works to understand the epidemiology of common respiratory infections that afflict young children and the elderly and seeks to use this information to develop more optimal interventions to reduce disease burden. He has studied the seasonal drivers of respiratory disease epidemics, including the effects of climate and co-infections on disease transmission and susceptibility to developing invasive infections. He has also worked with collaborators in Brazil and New Caledonia to understand how climate and weather might influence disease patterns for several vector borne and environmental diseases. Current work seeks to understand how climate might influence disease patterns locally in the greater New York/Connecticut region and how these patterns could influence prophylaxis and vaccination strategies. He has access to several large disease databases from the United States and globally that could be used for research projects.

  • Yawei Zhang

    Section Chief and Associate Professor of Surgery (Surgical Outcomes and Epidemiology); Chief, Section of Surgical Outcomes and Epidemiology, Department of Surgery

    Research Interests
    • Air Pollution
    • Epidemiology
    • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
    • Neoplasms
    • Pregnancy
    • Thyroid Neoplasms
    • Survivors
    • Genomics
    • Biostatistics

    Dr. Zhang is a member of the Executive Committee of the Climate Change and Health and has a major interest in reproductive health epidemiology. She has established a large birth cohort study in China to investigate effects of various environmental and other exposures and genetic and epigenetic changes on adverse pregnancy outcomes and developmental health. Influences of air pollution and climate change, as well as their joint effects with other environmental as well as psychosocial factors, on adverse pregnancy outcomes and developmental health will be studied in the cohort.