The Emerging Infections Program (EIP) conducts Candidemia surveillance in all ten EIP sites throughout the United States. The purpose of this surveillance system is to describe epidemiological characteristics of Candidemia such as incidence, Candida species distribution, antifungal drug resistance, treatment practices, and outcomes on a local and national level, in order to develop and implement effective prevention and control strategies.
THE FOODBORNE DISEASES ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE NETWORK (FOODNET) is the foodborne disease component of CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP). FoodNet is a collaborative project among CDC, the 10 EIP sites, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FoodNet consists of active surveillance for foodborne diseases and related epidemiologic studies designed to help public health officials better understand the epidemiology of infections commonly transmitted through food in the United States . FoodNet provides a network for responding to new and emerging foodborne diseases of national importance, monitoring the burden of foodborne diseases, and identifying the sources of specific foodborne diseases.
FoodCORE-Foodborne Diseases Centers for Outbreak Response Enhancement-began as a CDC funded pilot project in 2009 in three sites to improve state and local hth department responses to foodborne disease outbreaks. It was so successful that the project currently fully or partially funds 7 sites, encompassing approximately 15% of the US population. FoodCORE sites are working together to develop new and better methods to detect, investigate, respond to, and control multistate outbreaks of foodborne diseases. Although efforts are primarily focused on outbreaks caused by bacteria including Salmonella, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Listeria, the ability to detect and investigate viral and parasitic foodborne disease outbreaks will also be enhanced and strengthened.
The Connecticut EIP's FluSurv-NET team conducts surveillance for severe influenza as well as severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections as part of the national FluSurv-NET system. EIP staff work with CTDPH, CDC, and hospital infection preventionists to conduct surveillance among residents of southern Connecticut.
This project aims to monitor the impact of HPV vaccine on population health by tracking high-grade cervical lesions (HGCLs) and the HPV types associated with those lesions.
The Emerging Infections Program (EIP) Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) surveillance is being conducted in seven EIP sites throughout the United States. Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic, spore-forming, gram positive bacillus that produces two pathogenic toxins: A and B. CDI ranges in severity from mild diarrhea to fulminant colitis and death.
In the United States, there are ten recognized tick-associated human illnesses: Lyme disease (LD), Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA), human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME), tularemia, Southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI), tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF), Colorado tick fever, Powassan encephalitis, and babesiosis. These tick-borne diseases (TBDs) account for the majority of vector-borne infections reported in the United States. Each year approximately 30,000 cases of Lyme disease are reported to the CDC, ranking it among the ten most common infectious diseases in the nation. Several TBDs can cause severe morbidity and even death.
Healthcare Associated Infection (HAI) and Antibiotic Use (AU) Prevalence Surveys are conducted in all 10 Emerging Infections Program (EIP) sites in the United States. HAIs are an important public health problem because of their devastating effects on the wellbeing of patients, in addition to the billions of dollars in unnecessary expense they add to the healthcare system. Research suggests that a growing number of HAIs are caused by organisms that have developed resistance to standard antimicrobial drugs.