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Implementation Science and Outcomes Research

pieces of a jigsaw puzzle

Outcomes research seeks to understand the specific contribution of particular health care practices and interventions. It involves study design, critical review, implementation/measurement and analysis of health outcomes studies. The scope of outcomes research ranges from studies evaluating the effectiveness of a particular intervention, to the development and use of tools to perform patient-based assessments, and to the impact of economic policies of the outcomes of care.

Outcomes and implementation science research addresses a number of chronic conditions, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, infectious disease treatment for respiratory, retroviral, enterial infections, helminth infections, vector-borne diseases and more.

Practice-based research and initiatives

Only 14 percent of biomedical research is translated into practice, and among these there is a gap of about 17 years from the time a research article is submitted to eventual implementation. For example, cervical cancer is now uncommon in North America and Western Europe, but it remains a leading cause of cancer mortality among women in low- and middle-income countries. Similar patterns exist for HIV/AIDS and other diseases. YSPH’s Center for Methods in Implementation Science and Prevention aims to close these gaps through improving methods in practice.