Antiretroviral Therapy Crucial in Preventing non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, YSPH Study Reinforces
A research team led by the Yale School of Public Health has found that for people living with HIV/AIDS, both recent immunosuppression and prolonged HIV viremia play important and independent roles in the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Novel YSPH Framework Helps Identify Genes Associated with Disease
A powerful analytical tool, known as UTMOST, developed by Hongyu Zhao, Ph.D., the Ira V. Hiscock Professor of Biostatistics at the Yale School of Public Health, and colleagues could allow researchers to design therapeutic drugs that more effectively combat disease.
Exercise linked to improved mental health, but more may not always be better
A study of 1.2 million people in the USA has found that people who exercise report having 1.5 fewer days of poor mental health a month, compared to people who do not exercise. The study found that team sports, cycling, aerobics and going to the gym are associated with the biggest reductions, according to the largest observational study of its kind published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.
PEPFAR Funding in Kenya Associated with Decreased Infant Mortality, Study Finds
Through the President’s Emergency Fund for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the United States contributed over $248 million to programs in Kenya between 2004 and 2014, and at the same time, the incidence of child mortality dropped sharply.
Oil and Gas Wastewater Wells Disproportionately Located in Lower Income Communities in Ohio, Yale School of Public Health study finds
A new study in Ohio led by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health finds that oil and gas waste disposal wells are disproportionately located in communities that have lower per capita incomes and lower population density.
Disparities found in lung cancer care, survival in U.S. versus England
Despite steady declines in death rates in recent years, lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer deaths in wealthy countries. In a new study, Yale researchers collaborated with investigators in Europe to examine lung cancer care and survival rates for patients with one of the most common forms of the disease.
Tuberculosis Transmission Between Residents and Migrants in Shanghai Revealed Through Genomic and Spatial Analysis
Tuberculosis, an infectious disease that is transmitted by coughing, is the leading cause of death attributable to a single pathogen. In China, which has the second highest number of tuberculosis cases in the world, massive rural-to-urban population shifts over the past 15 years have coincided with large increases of the disease in cities.
Collaborations Key to Successful and Expanding Career in the Science of Infertility, Child Health
When Heping Zhang first began his appointment at the Yale School of Public Health, he did not even know what "epidemiology," a concept at the heart of the field of public health, meant. "It was not trivial to even learn how to spell it," he recalled.
Counties with fracking have increased rates of sexually transmitted infections
Researchers at the Yale School of Public Health have discovered that the rates of two major sexually transmitted infections (STIs), gonorrhea and chlamydia, are 21% and 19% higher, respectively, in Ohio counties with high shale gas activity ("fracking"), compared to counties without any fracking. Rates of a third STI, syphilis, were not elevated.
New Research Opens Door for Potential Treatment of Deadly Lung Disease
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death globally Every year, over 12 million U.S. adults are diagnosed with COPD, and 120,000 die from it. For people with the disease, the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae is particularly dangerous.