Endocrine Society Educates Congress About the Science of PFAS Exposure
The Endocrine Society hosted a congressional briefing on November 6th, 2019, on the latest science with policy makers on how federally funded research is helping to understand and address the health effects of exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, also known as PFAS. Expert scientists gathered to discuss widespread contamination issues and diverse health effects attributed to PFAS exposure. Zeyan Liew, PhD, MPH, from the Yale School of Public Health shared his research exploring the effects of PFAS on maternal thyroid function and neurodevelopmental outcomes in exposed children.
High exposure to harmful chemical impacts thyroid hormones in pregnant mothers
Studies conducted by Assistant Professor, Zeyan Liew, at the Yale School of Public Health, focus on a group of harmful chemicals known as PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) that can affect hormones during pregnancy crucial to fetal development. Efforts are underway by Yale professors, Dr. Krystal Pollitt and Dr. John Fortner, to investigate the chemical structures and ban the use of PFAS as well as determine routes for removing or destroying the substances from the environment.
Study: Accuracy of Five Self‐Report Screening Instruments for Substance Use in Pregnancy
Nearly one-fourth of pregnant women report having used alcohol, tobacco, or other substances in the past month, yet current screening questionnaires used by physicians may not accurately identify many of them. Kimberly A. Yonkers, MD, Professor of Psychiatry, of Epidemiology (Chronic Diseases) and of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Services at Yale School of Medicine, was the senior researcher among investigators across three universities who compared results of five commonly used questionnaires against laboratory testing.
Moms-to-be teach each other in monthly group prenatal visits
ASHEVILLE, N.C. (AP) — In a big room full of moms-to-be, pregnant women check each other’s blood pressure and weight, a nurse-midwife measures their growing bellies, and they all join a seated circle for two hours of candid talk about what to expect when you’re expecting.
MOMS Partnership® listed as a top 'Two-Gen' strategy in nation
Ascend at the Aspen Institute – a leader in identifying and cultivating transformational approaches to family well-being by focusing on parents and children simultaneously – released a report June 14 that identifies the MOMS Partnership® as one of the most effective two-generation interventions in the country.
Group care project for pregnant women is underway in the territory
To encourage pregnant women to show up for their medical check-ups and to make the process less of a burden for mothers-to-be, the LBJ Medical Center has come up with a program that'll provide, among other things, nutrition education and caring for the infant.
Many Women in Low-Income Areas Have Poor Access to Obstetric and Neonatal Care, Study Finds
A research team led by the Yale School of Public Health has found that many pregnant women in low-income areas have to travel farther than their peers to reach the nearest hospitals to deliver their babies-and the gap in accessible health care appears to be growing.
Yale study: Violence declines during intensive PTSD treatment
Combat veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experienced declines in violent behavior while undergoing treatment in an intensive Veterans Health Administration (VHA) PTSD program, according to a new study by Yale Department of Psychiatry faculty published online in the journal Psychiatric Services.
Opportunities to vaccinate young women against HPV missed at alarming rate
en aged 18-26 who were eligible to receive Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine have missed at least one opportunity to receive the vaccine during a visit to an obstetrics and gynecology clinic, Yale researchers report. This study also confirms previous research showing racial disparities in vaccination for HPV: Women who identify as black are 61% more likely have had a missed opportunity than women who identify as white. These findings are published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. HPV is a well-known cause of pre-cancerous cervical lesions, which, if untreated, could develop into cervical cancer. Immunization against HPV has been shown to be safe and effective in preventing these pre-cancerous lesions. The two-dose HPV vaccine is recommended for administration to It is recommended that girls ages 11-12 receive the two-dose HPV vaccine, and that those through age 26 receive the three-dose vaccination for “catch-up.”
Low Levels of Vitamin B12 in Pregnancy May Increase the Risk of Preterm Birth, Study Finds
Nutrition during pregnancy affects the growing fetus, and identifying appropriate nutritional supplementation in pregnancy has been a hot topic for decades. Vitamin B12 is an essential nutritional component found only in animal-derived products like meat, milk and eggs. Low intake of such products increases the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. The proportion of pregnant women with vitamin B12 deficiency ranges from a small percentage in some Western countries, like Norway, to over two thirds in developing countries, such as India. In a newly published paper, all previous studies on effects of vitamin B12 levels in pregnancy were evaluated and their results pooled in a meta study. The question asked was whether vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy was harmful for the fetus?
Premature Adult Death Identified in Individuals Born Preterm
Almost one in 10 people worldwide are born preterm. It’s known that premature birth is associated with a higher of risk of mortality in early childhood, but now Yale School of Public Health researchers and Norwegian colleagues have assessed the relationship between gestational age at birth and early adult mortality, and determined that there is a heightened risk.